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Decision on Approving the master plan on socio-economic development of Dak Nong province up to 2020

Posted Date:03-04-2014 | 10:25:39

PRIME MINISTER

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No. 1942/QD-TTg

 

THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM

Independence – Freedom – Happiness

Hanoi, October 22, 2013

 

DECISION ON

Approving the master plan on socio-economic development

of Dak Nong province up to 2020

PRIME MINISTER

Pursuant to the Law on Organization of the Government dated December 25, 2001;

Pursuant to the Government's Decree No. 92/2006/ND-CP of September 7, 2006, on the formulation, approval and management of socio­economic development master plans, and Decree No. 04/2008/ND-CP dated January 11, 2008, amending and supplementing a number of articles of Decree No. 92/2006/ND-CP of September 7, 2006;

At the proposal of the Chairman of Dak Nong provincial People's Committee,

DECIDES,

Article 1: Approve the master plan on socio-economic development of Dak Nong province up to 2020 (hereinafter referred to as Plan” with the main contents as follows:

I. VIEWPOINTS AND OBJECTIVES OF DEVELOPMENT

1. Viewpoints of development

- Boost economic development with a rapid and sustainable speed. Develop the economy in parallel with a reasonable economic restructuring to effectively promote and exploit strengths in terms of land, forest, hydropower, bauxite mineral and eco-tourism; and attract the invested capital from outside.

- Step by step transform the economic structure toward the direction of prioritizing in-depth investment and development of advantageous manufacturing industries to create a breakthrough for the development and make great contribution to the general development of the economy.

- Develop the infrastructure synchronously. Integrate manufacturing development with socio-economic infrastructure development.

- Improve the quality of human resources. Boost education development, improve the general literacy level and enhance training on expertise, technology, vocation for laborers, especially training for the management staffs, workers and technical laborers to meet the development needs of the province in the context of global economic integration. In the short-term, priority is required to given to forming a high-qualified technical staffs in agro-forestry, industrial processing and mining sectors.

- Associate economic growth with assurance of equity, social security and national solidarity. Pay a reasonable attention to social welfare to rural areas in accordance with hunger alleviation and poverty reduction to remote areas and areas of ethnic minority groups to generate employment, improve material and spiritual living standards for the people, and reduce poverty and social evils. Protect and promote the diverse traditional culture and ethnic groups in the province.

- Associate socio-economic development with environment protection. Maintain the ecological balance and ensure sustainable development. Have an orientation to prevent, mitigate natural disasters, drought, flood and diseases.

- Associate socio-economic development with assurance of national security, national defense and protect the sovereignty and security on the whole national border and maintain a stable political security and social order and safety.

2. Objectives of development

a) General objectives

Develop the economy of Dak Nong province with a rapid and sustainable speed to create robust changes in the economic and labor structures in terms of quality. Accelerate the industrialization and modernization, develop a commodity production agriculture with the use of advanced technologies to bring in high and sustainable efficiency; focus on in-depth development of advantageous industries, step-by-step apply modern technology to create products with high added value and competitiveness in the market; develop services in the direction of raising quality to best serve the market, especially the advantageous tourism services of the province. Boost socio-cultural development and promote the socialization of education & training, heath, culture and sport. Improve the people’s living standard in line with poverty reduction, employment generation and social security assurance. Maintain political stability, ensure national security & national defense and social order & safety.

b) Specific objectives

- Economic objectives

+ Economic growth:

. In 2011-2015 period: average economic growth rate: 15.5% per year, in which industry-construction: up by 25.8% per year; agro-forestry-fishery: up by 5.4% per year; and services: up by 18% per year.

. 2016-2020 period: average economic growth rate: 16-17% per year, in which industry-construction: up by 22-33% per year; agro-forestry-fishery: up by 4-5% per year; and services: up by 15-16% per year.

+ Economic structure:

. By 2015, the proportion of industry-construction: 39.57%; services: 26.7%; and agriculture: down to about 33.73%.

. By 2020, the proportion of industry-construction: 45.7%; services: 37.6%; and agriculture: down to just about 16.5%.

+ GDP per capita: by 2015: VND 27 million; and by 2020: nearly VND 66 million. Narrow down the gap with the whole country in terms of GDP per capita, from 66% compared to the whole country in 2010 to 76% by 2020.

+ Export value: by 2015: $ 550 million with an average growth rate in 2011-2015 period of 16.17% per year; by 2020: about $ 1,500 with an average growth rate in 2016-2020 period of 22.2% per year.

- Social objectives:

+ Population: The natural population growth: 1.3% in 2011-2015 period and 1.1% in 2016-2020 period. The population of the province: 670 thousand people by 2015 and 830 thousand people by 2020. The proportion of urbanization: 20% by 2015 and 30% by 2020.

+ Human resources: Provide vocational training for about 24 thousand laborers in 2011-2015 period; about 16 thousand people in 2016-2020 period; generate employment for 17-18 thousand people per year. The proportion of trained laborers: 35% by 2015 and 45% by 2020. Strive to reduce the number of poor households by 5-7% per year by 2020 to equal to the country’s average proportion of poor households.

+ Heath: By 2015: Reduce the proportion of children under 5 years old with malnutrition to 20%; supply clean water to 90% of the population; provide 6.2 doctors per 10,000 people. By 2020: reduce the proportion of children under 5 years old with malnutrition to 10%; supply clean water to 95% of households; provide 8.5% doctors per 10,000 people.

+ Education: Complete pre-school universalization for children at 5 years old by 2015; sustain and improve the quality of high-school universalization; expand the scale of high-school education; strive to have 70% of young people at proper age attaining high-school and equivalent qualification. Standardize teaching staffs; by 2020: 80% of pre-school teachers, 100% of primary-school teachers have college qualification upwards; and 100% of secondary-school and high-school have university qualification upwards.

+ Culture: By 2015: 85% of households, 65% of hamlets, highland hamlets, 95% agencies, units, communes, wards and small towns satisfy cultural standards. By 2020, 95% of households, 70% of hamlets, highland hamlets, 100% of agencies, units and 40% of communes, wards and small towns satisfy cultural standards.

+ Party’s activities: Improve the leadership capacity and militant capacity of Party organizations. Strive to have over 80% Party organizations satisfy transparent and strong standard and over 80% of authorities, fonts and unions satisfy strong standard.

+ National defense – security: Complete the defensive system, continue to establish a civil defense system integrated with civil security, ensure social order and security and the socialist legislation and prevent strikes, riots and illegal border crossing.

c) Two focused sectors and three breakthrough stages

- Sectors needing to be developed are:

            + Focus on accelerating the development of human resources, especially high-quality human resources. Associate human resource development with the application of science and technology to meet the socio-economic development requirements, ensure human resources to serve the socio-economic development task, in which the proportion trained laborers is targeted to reach 35% by 2015 and 45% by 2020. Build a staff of civil servants with sufficient qualifications and competency to meet the development needs of the province; train and foster young staffs (about 300-500 people) at university post-graduate level. Focus resources on constructing a community culture college, gifted school of the province, Dak Nong vocational training school and vocational training centers in some districts. Coordinate with some reputable universities of Vietnam to open 1-2 university branches in the province. Build regimes and policies to encourage the establishment of private vocational training centers.

            + Focus on constructing essential infrastructure and nuclear urban areas, attracting investment, especially in traffic and infrastructure of big urban areas: coordinate with the Central to complete big construction works related to the province such as Dak Nong – Binh Thuan railway to serve bauxite exploitation, external-relation roads (National road no. 14, 14C, 28, etc.). Upgrade and complete the urban structure of Gia Nghia town (traffic network, electricity & water supplies, sewage treatment system, solid waste treatment system, etc.), essential infrastructure for Duc Xuyen (a new district), Duc Lap town, Kien Duc small town, etc., industrial clusters, industrial parks, new urban areas, etc.

            - Three breakthrough stages of Dak Nong province:

            + Economic breakthrough in mining and energy industries: Selectively develop processing industry, hi-tech industry, energy industry, mining industry and metallurgy industry. Prioritize to develop high-competitive products and hi-tech products which can strongly participate in the global value chain, etc. Aggressively develop supporting industries to serve bauxite exploitation and alumina-aluminum production: mechanical engineering, mechanical repair, packing, chemical, electricity, water, logistics, fertilizer, construction materials, etc. Pay attention to develop industries serving agriculture, rural areas, clean energy, recycled energy, and new materials along with the application of energy-saving and material-saving technologies.

            + Breakthrough in processing industry and hi-tech agriculture: Processing industry targets to products which have ample supplies in the province (coffee, rubber, pepper, forest products, etc.), attract investment to develop processing plants with modern technologies to produce refined products which are suitable with the plan on stabilizing material zones and ensure the competitiveness in the export market.

            Build a comprehensive developed agriculture toward the modern direction with the application of hi-tech technology, commodity production and high competitiveness. At the same time, integrate agricultural development with processing industry and consumption market. By 2015, the province will have about 1-2 hi-tech agricultural parks in some agro-ecological areas; form concentrated husbandry area with the application of high technology; and ensure food hygiene and safety. By 2020, each district and town will have about 1-3 hi-tech agriculture parks.

            + Breakthrough in services and tourism: Prioritize the development and modernization of high-quality services such as finance, banking, information technology, telecommunication, insurance, health, consultancy, education-training; attract both domestic and foreign investments in tourism sector and make tourism become an important industry of the province. Focus on constructing and developing some key tourist areas in the province such as: Nam Nung ecological-cultural-historical tourist area (Dak Song); Ta Dung ecological-cultural-convalescent tourist area (Dak Glong). Lieng Nung ecological-cultural tourist site (Gia Nghia); Ea Sno ecological-cultural-historical tourist site (Krong No). Open new tourist routes and tours in the Central Highlands, surrounding regions and develop Phnompenh - Dak Nong - Ho Chi Minh city tourist route.

            II. Orientation ON developing sectors and fields

            1. Agro-forestry-fishery

            a) Agriculture:

            - Promote the potentials and strengths with regard to land and natural conditions to boost the development of commodity agriculture for exports and associate agro-forest production with the processing industry.

            - Continue to boost the transformation of plant and animal structure toward the direction of product diversification and intensive farming to raise productivity and product quality. Focus on developing drought-resistant plants to reduce the dependence on water. Plan specializing cultivated areas of industrial crops such as coffee, pepper, cashew, rubber, cacao, cotton, sugarcane, cassava, soybean, mulberry, etc. to generate a large volume of commodities for exports and ensure materials for the processing industry.

            - Promote livestock, pig and poultry raising and aquaculture. Form husbandry customs of using breeding facilities and step by step develop husbandry sector towards industrial and concentrated patterns with farms.

            - Enhance the application of scientific and technological advancements, bio-technology and improve the animal breeds and crop seeds to raise product yield and quality. Intensify agricultural extension, instructions and transfer of cultivating and breeding techniques for the people to select crop seeds and animal breeds in accordance with the soil and pedological conditions, investment capacity and cultivating qualification of the people.

            - Raise investment in rural infrastructure in accordance with the National Target Program on New Rural Development, expand forms of services, develop handicrafts to boost the transformation of rural economic structure & agricultural labor, and accelerate the poverty reduction.

            - Encourage the development of household economics, farm economics, hill garden economics, forest garden economics to mobilize all resources to develop production.

            - General objectives of agriculture sector:

            + Average growth rate of agricultural production value: 7.5% per year; in which: cultivation: 7% per year, husbandry: 11.5% per year, and services: 21% per year in 2011-2015 period; and general growth rate: 6.8% per year, in which cultivation: 6%, husbandry: 12%, and services: 19% in 2016-2020 period.

            + Structure of agricultural production value: Cultivation: down to 89.57%, husbandry: 8.12%, and services: 2.31% by 2015 and 86.2%, 10.3% and 3.5%, respectively by 2020.

            + Form some high-quality agricultural areas with an area of 1,000 ha by 2015 and over 5,000 ha by 2020. The average product value/ha of VND 100 million by 2015 and VND 200 million by 2020.

            +Raise coefficient of land use by more than twice by 2020 and promote the quantity and quality of commodity agro-products. By 2020, the production value per ha of cultivated land is about 1.5 times higher compared to 2010.

            + Contribution of agriculture sector in the gross output of the province: about 20% (2012) and 12% (2020). Basic economic indicators are projected to be equal to other provinces in the region in the coming years.

            + Proportion of agro-product export value: 20% by 2015 and about 35% by 2020.

            + Proportion of trained laborers in agriculture sector: 35% by 2015 and over 50% by 2020.

            + By 2015, income from rural trades and services accounts for 15-20% in the total income of rural people, raising the economic income of a household by 1.8-2 times higher than the current level, food-grain output: 360,000 tons, and an average food-grain output per capita: 537 kg. By 2020, income from rural trades and services are expected to make up from 30% in the income of rural people, food-grain output: 370,000 tons; average food-grain output per capita: 500 kg, ensuring the local food security.

            * Cultivation:

            - Develop cultivation sector toward the direction of improving the product quality. Plan the development toward the direction of transforming plant structure, raising product quality and production efficiency, expand production scale, and improve the active watering area to over 70% by 2015 and over 90% by 2020 for area with watering demand.

            - Continue to invest in-depth in strains and technical process for advantageous crops of the province in accordance with the deployment of advanced cultivating model with high economic value on each area unit, sustainable environment; and step by step duplicate the model in areas with appropriate conditions.

            - Build brands for cultivated products of Dak Nong province, create a firm foothold in the market, especially the consumption markets in big cities and provinces nationwide.

            - Develop cultivation towards the direction of hi-tech application:

          + 2011-2015 period: Focus on groups of plants and products which have been asserted on the market such as: produce passion fruit (in Dak R’lap, Tuy Duc, Dak Song, Dak Glong), seedless lemon (Dak R’lap, Tuy Duc), safe vegetables and high-grade flowers in greenhouses and net houses with less watering (Gia Nghia town, Dak Mil, Cu Jut, Krong No, Dak Glong); Atlantic potato (Dak Song, Tuy Duc, Dak Mil); and Japanese potato (Dak Song, Tuy Duc). Construct catch-crop model of planting cacao in cashew garden (Dak R’lap), oil palm (Dak Glong), macadamia (Dak Mil, Dak Glong, Tuy Duc, Krong No), green asparagus (Tuy Duc), high-quality rice (Krong No), fruits (Gia Nghia, Dak Mil, Dak Glong).

          In the short term, it is required to focus on constructing a high-quality seed producing center in Cu Jut district (seeds for industrial crops such as soybean, cotton) and Krong No (seeds for food crops such as rice, corn and vegetable).

          Manufacture coffee in accordance with UTZ process (sustainable, environment-friendly and increased production-value coffee); invest in producing high-quality tea in Tuy Duc; develop cacao and pepper production in a sustainable orientation.

          + In 2016-2020 period: Continue to put crops with high economic efficiency and large consumption market into production in accordance with hi-tech cultivating models. Evaluate the efficiency and duplicate the model in localities with appropriate conditions in the province.

          * Husbandry: Promote husbandry sector toward the commodity production, raise the herd scale and make in-depth investment: cross-breed animals, apply advanced raising techniques to raise product yield and quality. Raise the proportion of husbandry in the agriculture sector to 8-9% by 2015 and 10-11% by 2020.

          * Agricultural services: The growth of agricultural services is targeted at 17-18% per year in 2011-2015 period and 16-17% per year in 2016-2020 period.

            Establish a network of points supplying materials and techniques to production zones to ensure the timely supply of high-quality materials in the fields of crop seeds, animal breeds, fertilizers, pesticides, etc. under the strict supervision and management of relevant agencies.

          Well exploit the irrigation system to ensure the irrigational services for enterprises and households.

          Encourage economic stakeholders to participate in agricultural services such as transferring agricultural technical advancements, giving consultancy on hi-tech agricultural development models, etc.

          b) Develop fishery and forestry

          * Fishery: Continue to boost fresh water aquaculture. Along with the program on transforming plant and animal structure in agriculture, encourage economic stakeholders to invest in improving ponds, lakes and untapped water surfaces of rivers, streams and hydropower reservoirs to develop aquaculture.

          * Forestry:

          - Well protect and develop the existing forest areas, especially productive forest areas, natural reserve areas and important protective forests.

          - Promote the planting of material forests and protective forests to develop forest resources, cover waste land and raise the coverage rate for the whole province.

          - Reasonably exploit forest resources to ensure reforestry, restrict timber exploitation in natural forests, promote the exploitation of artificial forest and material forests.

          - Continue to allocate forest land, socialize forestry work, clarify and promote the role of forest owners and ensure to have a real forest owner on each forest area.

          2. Develop industries and small industries & handicrafts

          - Promote the development of industries and small industries & handicrafts toward the direction of industrialization-modernization with focus on agro-forestry processing, exploitation and processing of bauxite and construction materials based on the local materials and natural resources and generation of employments for laborers.

          - Have open and transparent schemes and policies to mobilize domestic & foreign resources, organizations and individuals to invest in industrial production in accordance with the industrial development planning of the locality.

          - Continue to invest in infrastructure and promote & encourage enterprises to invest in production and business in industrial parks such as Tam Thang, Nhan Co and industrial clusters such as Dak Ha and Thuan An. Attract investment in the infrastructure of the planned industrial clusters and create favorable conditions in terms of premises to attract investment.

          - Pay attention to in-depth investment, improvement of technological qualification, expansion of coordination with other provinces nationwide and other countries to mobilize capital and advanced technologies to produce high-quality products and raise competiveness in the market.

          - Encourage the development of small and medium-scaled industry and handicraft establishments; form traditional handicraft villages in rural areas to generate employment and raise income for laborers, making contribution to transforming the rural economy.

          - Develop industry in parallel with socio-economic factors, natural resource protection, living environment sanitary and ecological balance sustainment.

          - Deploy the project on exploiting bauxite for alumina refinery to create a breakthrough in the development of industry and socio-economy of the province, to transform the province’s economic structure toward the direction of raising the proportion of industry so as to attain the structure: industry-service-agro-forestry by 2020.

          - Strive to raise the gross output of industry and small industries & handicrafts of the province to VND 5.067 billion by 2015, up by 24.23% per year on average in 2011-2015 period; and VND 11.490 billion by 2020, up by about 20.9% per year per year on average in 2011-2020 period.

          - Orientation on the development of key industries:

          + Agro-product & food processing industry: Target to processing the province’s material-rich products such as processing coffee, rubber, sugarcane, cashew, cacao, pepper, vegetable cooking oil, cotton, fiber, silk, starch; milling food grains, foodstuffs; processing animal feed, timber and forest products.

 

          + Hydropower: Develop hydropower in accordance with environment protection policies. Invest in planting aquatic forests to ensure the stable operation of Dray H’Linh hydropower plant II 16 MW in Cu Jut district, Dak R’Tih hydropower plant 141 MW, Serepok hydropower plant III 220 MW with a commercial electricity output of about 1,200 million Kwh.  

          Attract investment in constructing small and medium-sized hydropower projects such as Dak Nong hydropower plant II 4-7 MW, Dak Rung I: 8 MW, Dak R’Keh I: 11.5 MW, Dak R’Keh II: 10-11 MW, Dak R’Keh III: 10-11 MW, Dak N’Teng: 13 MW, Dak So: 5 MW, Dak Kar with a total capacity of 79 MW, Dak Ru, Dak R’lap and Quang Tin. When coming into operation, these hydropower plants will make considerable contribution to the country’s electricity supply.

          + Mineral mining industry: Focus on constructing and soon putting Nhan Co Alumina Plant into operation. Based on the project’s economic efficiency and environment assessment, deploy a master plan on the exploitation and processing of ores in the locality in accordance with the general orientation of the country.

          + Construction material manufacturing industry: Promote the development of unburned materials which are made from crushed stones. Develop establishments which manufacture unburned construction materials with suitable scales for each area and region. Encourage investors of construction works to use unburned construction materials.

          + In addition, focus on developing mechanical repair, electronics, civil electricity, small industries & handicrafts and rural industries.

          Construct infrastructure and continue to fill in 02 concentrated industrial parks – Tam Thang and Nhan Co and some industrial clusters such as Dak Ha, Thuan An, Quang Tam, Krong No and Dak Song industrial clusters. Plan Quang Duc industrial park, Dak R’La, Truc Son and Quang Khe industrial clusters.         

          3. Develop commerce, services and tourism

          Raise the total export value of the province to about $ 550 million by 2015 and about $ 1,500 million by 2020. The export value growth of the province is expected to rise by 16.17% per year on average in 2011-2015 period and 22.2% per year on average in 2016-2020 period.

          The total retail sales of goods and revenues from social services reach VND 18,405 billion by 2015, up by 26.8% per year in 2011-2015 period and amount to VND 43,400 billion by 2020 with an average growth rate of about 18.72% per year in 2016-2020 period.

          The added value of commerce-services is expected to account for 26.31% by 2015 and 26.4% by 2020.

          - Commerce: Develop a system of markets and commercial centers, supermarkets and border-gate commercial infrastructures.

          - Services: Develop and diversify services to actively boost production and improve the living standard of the people. Pay more attention to supplying information services to rural and remote areas and promote scientific-technical information services related to agro-forestry-fishery.

          Boost technological-technical transfer, agricultural and forestry extensions, cross-breeding, agricultural mechanization services, etc. to serve the development of agro-forestry.

          Develop cultural, tourism, entertainment and convalescent services. Widen the service network in rural areas to generate more employment for idle laborers.

          - Tourism: The average growth rate of tourism sector in 2011-2020 period is targeted at 15-20% per year. By 2020, the province targets to receive about 600-650 thousand turns of visitors, including 40 thousand turns of in-bound visitors. Develop tourism products in accordance with traditional cultural values which are imbued with humanity, uniqueness and exploit the advantages of natural landscapes. Concentrate on developing tourism products with two main types - ecological tourism and cultural tourism, in which giving priority to form tourism products which are unique and different from other regions in the Central Highlands and surrounding areas. Closely integrate the tourism sector of Dak Nong province with tourism sector of the Central Highlands in “Central Highlands’ green route and strategy on promotion of Central Highlands’ tourism”.

          4. Orientation on development of social sectors

          a) Population, labor and employment

          - Population: It is forecast that the mechanical growth of population will be about 3.5% in 2011-2015 period and decrease gradually to just about 1.4% per year by 2020. Therefore, the population scale of the province will be about 670 thousand people by 2015 and 830 thousand people by 2020. The urbanization rate is expected at about 20% by 2015 and 30% by 2020.

          - Labor: The number of people at working age is projected at 327.4 thousand people by 2015 and 386.0 thousand people by 2020, in which the number of laborers needing jobs will be about 347 thousand people by 2015 and about 413 thousand people by 2020. Every year, there must be employment for about 12,000-13,000 of laborers.

          The proportion of laborers in the field of industry-construction is expected at 12.6% by 2015 and 21.2% by 2020; agro-forestry: 64.3% by 2015 and 54.1% by 2020; services: 23.1% by 2015 and 24.7% by 2020.

          b) Education-training

          - Education: Complete the universalization of pre-school education for children at 5 years old by 2015; sustain and improve the quality of high-school education universalization; expand the high-school education scale; strive to have 70% of young people in proper age to attain high-school qualification and equivalent. Invest in infrastructure and techniques so that schools will have enough classrooms and functional rooms to practice comprehensive education and strive to have 80% of educational institutions satisfying national standard, 100% of high-schools being connected to the Internet and having a library. Standardize teaching staffs; by 2020: 80% of pre-school teachers, 100% of primary-school teachers have college qualification upwards; and 100% of secondary-school and high-school have university qualification upwards.

          - Training: Improve the quality of human resources - a short-term as well as long-term task. Focus on training technical workers and laborers of all majors to meet the recruitment of enterprises in industrial parks; develop small industries & handicrafts, trades, services-tourism; career orientation and vocational training in rural areas, making contribution to transforming the labor structure in the province. Raise the proportion of trained laborers to about 35% in which the proportion of laborers with vocational training accounts for 30% by 2015 and the proportion of trained laborers by about 45%, in which the proportion of laborers with the vocational training makes up 40% by 2020.

          c) Health care and population tasks

          Well perform national program on population development and family, reduce the natural birth rate to 1.3% per year in 2011-2015 and 1.1% per year in 2016-2020 period. Strive to reach an average life expectancy of 75 years old and the average height of young people to 1.66 m (for male) and 1.55 (for female).

          The number of doctors is expected to reach 6.2 doctors/10,000 people and the number of sickbeds increases to 23 sickbeds/10,000 people by 2015 and 8.5 doctors/10,000 people and 25 sickbeds/10,000 people by 2020. The National Expanded Program on Immunization is expected to reach 90% by 2015 and over 95% by 2020. Reduce the proportion of children with malnutrition to below 10% by 2020. Effectively deploy the targeted national health program and reduce the proportion of people infected and died owing to malaria every year; and ensure that 100% households use standard iodized salt to prevent diseases. Concentrate on communication and supervision of HIV/AIDS. 100% of health clinics well perform the program on prevention of HIV/AIDS infection. The proportion of communes satisfying the national health standard is expected to reach 90% by 2015 and 100% of communes by 2020.

          From date to 2015: Continue to invest in upgrading and completing the provincial general hospital in the second phase with a scale of 500 sickbeds and modern facilities to meet the disease diagnosis and treatment of people in the province. By 2020, the health infrastructure is expected to basically met demand of the province and good public health practices are always sustained.

 

          d) Culture, information and sports

          - Culture

          Improve, build and step-by-step complete cultural institutions from the province to districts, communes and hamlets. Step by step strengthen the management apparatus of information and culture. Enhance the quality of cultural staffs toward a professional direction. Attach importance to preserve and develop cultural value and tradition of Central Highlands people. Sustain and develop the identities of each ethnic group on the basis of respecting the language, writing, customs, healthy and good traditional festivals and build a diverse culture.

          By 2015, all communes are expected to have cultural post offices, performance teams, football grounds, volleyball courts; 70% of communes have cultural houses. Communes in zone 3 and border communes have mobile communication teams.

          Actively expand cultural exchange among ethnic groups via performances, festivals, exhibitions, cultural-sport days to enhance mutual understanding and learn working and production experiences, strengthen the solidarity among ethnic groups, and improve the cultural and spiritual live of the people in the province. Renovate the cultural and performing activities toward the direction of socialization. Bring the cultural, performing and sporting activities to remote communes to help the people access economic information, understand more about the social life, business & production methods and improve the spiritual life for the people.

          Promote the program on encouraging all the people to build a civilized lifestyle, cultured families and cultured villages. Actively prevent and eliminate harmful culture. Prevent and timely combat social evils.

          Enhance the state management on information culture, especially for cultural services. Build a staff of cultural cadres from the provincial level to grassroots level and improve their competency and qualification to meet the task’s requirements.

          - Communication – propagation

          Develop an information, radio, television and newspaper system to commune, town and village. Boost investment in information and culture sector and radio and television stations of the province. Strive to have 100% of communes covered with television waves.

          - Sports

          Build and develop a movement of sports to grassroots level. Promote the public sport movement to practice and improve health. Plan and construct centers for cultural practices & sports and stadium in the locality. Construct the province’s sport center in Gia Nghia town. Step by step invest in constructing a sport event hall in the center of each district.

          e) Religious and ethnic minorities tasks

          - Religious task

          Strengthen the state management on religious task in accordance with the policy and law of the state. Determinedly fight and combat illegal religious practices and mobilization of the people to fight against reactionaries who are disguised under the cover of religion. Strictly handle illegal practices and use of religion to rouse the parishioners and the followers to oppose to the government.

          - Ethnic minorities task

          Improve the people’s awareness as well as the material and spiritual life of ethnic minority groups, preserve and promote traditional cultural values of the ethnic minority groups. Step by step invest in and cover the radio-television waves in M’Mong language. Build an on-site staff of ethnic minority groups to meet the local cultural and information activities.

          f) Hunger elimination and poverty reduction

          Continue to practice the hunger elimination and poverty reduction program. Gradually raise the living standard of households who have got out of poverty and prevent them from being poor again. Strive to reduce the number of poor households by 5-7% per year. By 2020, reduce the number of poor households to the average level of the country.

          g) Plan the rural residents in accordance with the new rural criteria

          The province targets to have 20% of communes (12 communes) by 2015 and 50% of communes (30 communes) satisfying the new rural standards. By 2015, basically complete the arrangement and organization of residents in the province in accordance with agricultural and rural development, generate employment, improve the material, cultural and spiritual life for rural people and ensure the rural security.

          Continue to develop projects on constructing infrastructure for new economic zones which have been formed such as Dak Sin (Dak R’Lap), Duc An – Thuan Hanh (Dak Song), Dak Ro, Duc Xuyen, Quang Phu (Krong No).

          Continue to implement electricity, road, school, health clinic, clean water supply and environment sanitary programs in rural areas. Upgrade the degraded infrastructural works and works serving the ethnic minorities, remote areas and complete the works on schedule, especially key construction works.

          5. National defense and security

          Continue to build a civil defense and civil security system. Continue to construct border military posts, strengthen and build the staffs of militia, communal polices and civil security groups at grassroots level. Enhance the great national unity and struggle with any cunning who try to drive a wedge between the people and promote the civil movements on protecting the national security.

          Regularly fight against all types of crimes, especially smuggling, corruption; prevent and combat drugs and wipe out social evils.

          Pay attention to flood prevention and rescue to help the people prevent and overcome disasters.

          Build a staff of cadres and soldiers with firm political stuff and absolute loyalty to the Party, Fatherland and the people; have strict discipline; be trained in the regular and modern direction; be ready to fight; and complete all tasks in any situation. Create a synchronous coordination among armed forces and Internal Affairs Block in the national security-defense task to create political stability, social security and a foundation for economic development.

          6) Orientation to develop infrastructure

          a) Traffic network

          Traffic system is an important part in the socio-economic infrastructure and needs to be prioritized to develop in advance with a high and sustainable speed to create a prerequisite for the socio-economic development to ensure the national defense & security to serve the industrialization and modernization.

          - External-relation road systems (National road no. 14, 14C, 28): Construct and upgrade National road no. 14 with 4-6 lanes through Dak Nong province; construct and complete National road no. 14C in the second phase (constructing asphalt road surface); expand National road no. 28 through towns and townships; complete and inaugurate a bypass through Dong Nai hydropower plants 3, 4; complete the project on connecting National road no.14 from Kien Duc small town to Bu Prang border gate and connect to the National Road no. 76 of Cambodia. By 2015, 100% roads are covered with asphalt. 

          - Provincial road: Asphalt the provincial roads which are currently soil roads, upgrade some provincial road sections which have direct influence on the socio-economic development; construct 02 news provincial roads and horizontal axis no. 3 (Dak Song – Dak Nang), horizontal axis  no. 5 (Dao Nghia – Quang Khe); turn National road no. 14C, section Km115 to Km139 with a length of 24 km into Provincial road, and the section from Km139 to Bu Prang border gate with a length of 29km into the extended Provincial road no.1; raise the total provincial road length after 2015 to 506 km and asphalt 100%.

          - District road system: Total length: 497 km, striving to complete district roads by 2015 in accordance with the technical level and an asphalt proportion of 80%.

          - Commune, hamlet, highland village and highland hamlet road system: Total length: 2,173 km. By 2015, asphalt 45% and 100% highland villages and highland hamlets with 1-2 km of asphalt road.

          - Urban road system: Construct and complete a bypass through Gia Nghia town, main axes connecting regions and some important routes of all urban areas, in which, giving priority to Gia Nghia town and Dak Mil town.

          - Specialized road system: Construct border roads and roads for transporting minerals.

          - Projects on upgrading and opening new roads: Construct and open new roads: Dak Song – Dak Nang, Dao Nghia – Quang Khe, bypass through Gia Nghia town, upgrade roads from Kien Duc to Bu Prang border gate.

- Transportation and coach stations/parking lots:

          + Coach stations/Parking lots: Construct an inter-provincial coach station with grade II upwards in Gia Nghia town; upgrade district coach stations with grade IV in districts; construct 01 new coach station in Dak R’lap small town; 01 coach station in Krong No; 01 coach station in Dak Mil to serve the division of districts; and construct about 1-2 parking lots in the center of each district and 2-3 parking lots in Gia Nghia town.

          + Expand the currents of traffic to all provinces and cities nationwide to all residential centers in the province; give priority to develop public transport by bus; develop vehicles in accordance with the conditions and terrains of localities but ensure the modern, less environmentally-polluted and energy-saving directions.

          - Railway: When having favorable conditions, consider deploying the construction of a railway route connecting Gia Nghia -  Quang Khe – Lam Dong with Ke Ga port (Binh Thuan province).

          - Airport: Put Nhan Co airport into the list of national airport construction planning.

          b) Electricity supply

          Continue to expand the electricity grid in the whole province, especially to rural areas. All hamlets and highland villages are projected to be connected to the national grid and 95% of households use electricity for production and daily activities and 100% of households are able to use electricity by 2020. Invest in constructing intermediary transformer substations in all districts. Strive to achieve the target on electrifying rural areas in the entire province.

          c) Irrigation

          The province projects to construct 150 – 165 key new projects, mainly with small and medium-scale, including 150 reservoirs, 10 rolling weirs and 4 pump houses. Continue to complete works in progress and works serving the ethnic minorities and peoples in remote areas. Repair and upgrade irrigation works which have been used for a long time or been degraded. Invest to exploit irrigation works in-depth and protect the resources from Serepok river and Dong Nai river systems.

          d) Water supply

          Continue to implement the national program on clean water and environment sanitary for rural areas. Ensure that 100% of households are able to use clean water by 2015.

          7. Development orientation by territorial space

          a) Development orientation by sub-region

          - Northern sub-region: Include Duc Lap town, Dak Mil district, Duc Xuyen district, Cu Jut district and Krong No district with a natural area of 2,215 km2. This region has potentials for planting wet rice, developing food-grain crops, short-term and long-term industrial crops; Tam Thang Industrial Park is the area for attracting investment in industrial development; Duc Xuyen hydropower work, Buon Kop hydropower reservoir; Dak Per border-gate economic zone; many attractive tourist areas which are favorable for expand commerce and develop tourism and services.

          - Central sub-region: Include Gia Nghia town, Dak G’long district and Dak Song district with a natural area of 2,541 km2. This sub-region has potentials and strengths for developing industry and are localities which can attract many industrial development projects from the Southeastern Region, especially from Ho Chi Minh City; have a variety of potentials such as exploiting hydropower, bauxite, rare minerals; attract investment to Dak Ha industry – small industry & handicraft cluster; have land potentials for planting long-term industrial crops such as coffee, rubber, cashew, pepper, cattle husbandry and material forest planting.

          - Southwestern sub-region: Include Kien Duc small town and Dak R’lap and Tuy Duc districts with a natural area of 1,757 km2. This region has a low population density. The economics mainly include agro-forestry while industry is still restricted and commerce and services have not been developed.

          In the coming period, the economic development orientation of the sub-region is boosting the exploitation and effective use of land and forest. Develop agriculture toward the commodity-production orientation. Form some specialized areas for planting long-term crops such as coffee, rubber, cashew, pepper, material forest and develop cattle raising to create a material zone for the processing industry.

          Attract investment to develop processing industries for agro-forest products, foodstuffs, cassava starch, corn, animal feed; construct establishments for slaughtering livestock and poultry and freezing vegetable and fruits; develop mechanical repair for machine, exploit and processing stones. Invest in constructing Dak R’Tinh hydropower work and irrigation works, etc.

          Encourage the development of commerce and service activities. Construct Kien Duc market to become a place for exchanging and trading goods, a commercial center of the region; establish more markets in the rural areas; stores for trading and supplying essential products and materials to serve the life and production of people in the region. Construct Bu Prang border market to trade and expand goods exchange and economic cooperation with provinces of Cambodia.

          Upgrade and construct new health, education, culture and social welfare to meet the demand of improving the spiritual life for people in the region.

          b) Orientation on developing a system of urban areas

          By 2020, the network of urban areas will include 11 urban areas, including 01 town which is the center of the township, 02 towns in centers of sub-regions and 08 small towns.

          In the short term, concentrate on investing and completing the infrastructure of Gia Nghia town to make it compatible with the stature of a township urban area – the political, economic, cultural, scientific and technological center of the province. Upgrade the town into an urban area grade III and a provincial city prior to 2020. Construct Gia Nghia town with urban architecture which is suitable with the local landscape, culture and a green, clean, beautiful and civilized urban model. It is projected that the population of the town will be about 70,000 people by 2015 and 110,000 people by 2020.

          On the basis of the plan to divide the district and invest to expand small towns of Dak Mil and Kien Duc districts, develop urban areas to become the nuclear of growth for sub-regions. Upgrade and complete infrastructure for urban areas to satisfy grade IV and become towns, including Duc Lap (on the basis of Dak Mil small town) and Kien Duc (on the basis of Kien Duc small town) in 2015-2020 period. It is expected that the population of these urban areas will be about 35-40 thousand people by 2020.

          Establish and construct 02 new small towns – Dak R’la and Dao Nghia which are the centers of the two newly- divided districts - Dak Mil and Dak R’lap districts. Establish Duc Xuyen small town which is the center of Duc Xuyen – a newly established district. It is expected that the population scale of these small towns will be about 5-10 thousand people and these small towns will satisfy standards for urban areas grade V.

          Continue to upgrade small towns to urban areas grade V such as Duc An (Dak Song), Dak Mam (Krong No), Quang Khe (Dak G’long), Dao Nghia (Dak R’lap), Dak Buk So (Tuy Duc). The population of these urban areas will be about 10-15 thousand people (each).

          III. LIST OF PROJECTS PRIORITIZED TO BE INVESTED

          (Attached appendix)

          IV. MAIN SOLUATIONS TO IMPLEMENT THE PLAN

          1. Solution on capital mobilization

          The demand for invested capital in 2011-2020 period is about VND 202 thousand billion, including about VND 60 thousand billion in 2011-2015 period and about VND 142 thousand billion in 2016-2020 period; in which, the investment in industry and construction: about 53.2%, agro-forestry: 9%, and service: 37.8%. To mobilize the above capital resources, the following measures must be implemented simultaneously:

          - Budget capital: Continue to exploit the capital resource from the Central budget through the development programs and the preferential policies of the government, ministries and branches to construct important and essential works in the province. Effectively use this capital resource and raise accumulation rate.

          - For enterprises, entrepreneurs, private investors and residents: Build clear and transparent regimes and policies to call for investment. Apply the forms of investment such as: Build – Transfer, Build – Operate – Transfer (BT, BOT) and Public–private partnerships (PPP) in investment and development to mobilize capital effectively from the private sector and enhance the cooperation and efficiency of projects. Have tax preferential policies to maximally encourage enterprises and individuals to invest in developing production and business in the rural areas, especially remote rural areas.

          - For borrowed capital: Construct feasible, detailed and proper projects to develop production on the basis of effective calculations to attract credit loans. Prioritize this capital source to projects on developing key industries to produce commodity products. Enhance the efficient use of borrowed capital.

          - For external capital (from the Central, other provinces and other countries). Plan to develop industries, territories; make feasible projects to attract investments from the Central, other provinces and foreign investors to associate and joint-venture to develop production so as to boost economic, cultural and social development of the province. Pay attention to the revenues from auctioning land use rights to develop infrastructure in major projects in urban areas and concentrated residential areas.

          2. Solution on planning

          - Put the planning into a framework to become a useful tool in managing the economy toward the market orientation. All levels and branches are required to be fully aware of the plan and plan making tasks.

          - Strengthen the planning staffs in some departments and branches. Deploy the making, assessing, approving, implementing and supervising the planning. Every year, organizing the budget to ensure the task and select qualified consulting agencies to implement the planning projects. Invest according to the plan All the basic capital construction projects must be put in to the plan and must be suitable for the capital balance capacity.

          3. Renovate, arrange and develop economic sectors

          - Promulgate some policies to encourage economic sectors such as leasing land, supporting investment in infrastructure, providing some specific regulations on Build – Transfer, Build – Operate – Transfer (BT, BOT), policies on direct foreign investment, borrowing invested capital, labor training, market searching, information provision and technologies.

          - Reduce or exempt land rents, taxes or production & business charges in the initial years of operation for enterprises and individuals who invest in developing key industries of the province such as agro-forest product processing, industrial crop planting, cow raising, tourism-commerce-service expansion. Especially, encourage projects to invest in poor communes and difficult regions.

          - Encourage private enterprises to develop in terms of quantity, quality and competitiveness, especially cooperatives and labor-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises. Have a flexible regime in granting licenses for some works and construction investment projects, simplify some procedures in granting investment certificates and have policies to coordinate, manage, use laborers, organize business & production and distribute interests. 

          - Create favorable frameworks and regimes, and a transparent investment environment to develop diversified economic sectors and mobilize all human resources, material resources, talent resources and invested capital into business and production to raise GRDP and revenues of the state budget, generate employment & income, and improve the living standard for laborers.

          4. Policies on science-technology and environment protection

          - Build a preferential policy on the application of scientific-technological advancements into industry, agriculture, construction and service industries. Improve the quality of coaching, technological transfer, introducing technological advancement, bio-technology and new crop seeds and animal breeds to farming households, ethnic minority groups so that they can directly apply to their business & production and daily life.

          - Encourage talent development, effective use of scientific-technical staffs; foster new knowledge; improve their expertise to timely meet the new development needs.

          - Associate scientific and technological development with environment protection, ecological balance and sustainable socio-economic development.

          5. Policies on human resource development

(Source:)
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